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A Nidhi company is a Non-banking Financial Company or precisely, a fund that aims more at the mutual benefit towards its members. It is more of a member-oriented company that offers to lend and borrow from its members only. It can also be called a savings fund or as said by RBI- a “Mutual Benefit Company(MBC)”. Nidhi companies are not directly regulated by RBI but instead used by the bank for any deposit-taking activities or by DCA for the deployment of funds. Nidhi companies play a great role in meeting the financial needs of ordinary people in places where nationalized and scheduled banks are reluctant to offer loans to them. Nidhi companies are formed, governed, and regulated by section 406 of the Companies Act, 2013. Their main aim lies in incorporating the habit of savings among the members/shareholders and for this they make sure that the funds contributed are generated from the shareholders only and are even allotted to them only.

Requirements of Nidhi Company Registration

Before Registration

  • ⦿ The company must be a Public Limited Company under the Companies Act.
  • ⦿ The minimum number of shareholders/members that is required for incorporation is 7.
  • ⦿ The company needs to have 3 Directors for incorporation.
  • ⦿ Rs. 5 lakh is the amount of minimum capital required to form Nidhi Company.

After Registration

  • ⦿ By the end of the first year of incorporation, the Nidhi company must have a minimum of 200 members.
  • ⦿No preference shares must be issued after the formation of the Nidhi company.
  • ⦿ Free term deposits more than 10 % of the outstanding deposits.
  • ⦿ The ratio of the Net owned Funds to the deposits must not be more than 1:20.

Documents Required For The Registration Of Nidhi Company

Given below is the list of the various documents of the depositor that are required while registering a Nidhi Company:-

  • ⦿ Identity Proof- (any one of these) - Passport/ Aadhar card/ PAN card/ Driving License/ Voter Id/ Ration card
  • ⦿ Address Proof- (any one of thee) - Passport/ Aadhar card/ PAN card/Driving License/ Voter Id/ Ration card/Telephone bill/ Bank Account statement/ Electricity bill
  • ⦿ Rent agreement of the registered office

How To Register A Nidhi Company?

There are two ways of registering a Nidhi Company:-

By visiting the Government portal

  • ⦿ Apply for DIN and DSC
  • The first step involves applying for Digital Identification Number and the Digital Signature Certificate. DIN is issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and DSC is a prerequisite for all business-related filings. However, if the depositor has these, then he must not apply for them.

  • ⦿ Name approval
  • The next step is getting approval for a proper and unique name for the company from the MCA. The proposed name must not be identical to any other company and must fulfill all other provisions.

  • ⦿ MOA and AOA
  • The Memorandum of Association and the Articles of Association must be submitted along with the relevant documents and INC 32 Form, clearly mentioning the objective of forming the company.

  • ⦿ Certificate of Incorporation
  • After fulfilling all the necessary obligations, the Registrar of Companies issues the Certificate of Incorporation within a period of 15-25 days.

  • ⦿ Apply for PAN and TAN
  • The final stage is filing the application for the PAN and TAN numbers of the company. The PAN and TAN are received within a period of 7 working days.

By Visiting filing Lounge

  • ⦿ The registration process on the government portal is very time-consuming and requires a lot of time and effort. We, at, cater to all your needs and provide you with an effective solution by just clicking over a few things.
  • ⦿ Visit the website Filinglounge and on the homepage, under the Business formation tab, select Nidhi Company from the drop-down menu.
  • ⦿ Fill up the Nidhi Application form with all the basic details and click on the Submit button.
  • ⦿ Our team of experienced professionals will give you a call shortly to carry forward the application process.

Apply Here for Nidhi Company Registration.

Compliances Required After Forming Nidhi Company

  • ⦿ Every Nidhi Company must maintain Net Owned funds of not less than 10 lakh rupees or an amount prescribed by the central Government.
  • ⦿ Every Nidhi company must issue equity shares of the nominal value of not less than 10 rupees per share.
  • ⦿ Every depositor must get a minimum of 10 equity shares or shares of not less than 100 rupees.
  • ⦿ Every Nidhi Company must file a return of statutory compliances in Form NDH-1 within 90 days after the closure of the first financial year after its incorporation.
  • ⦿ All the Nidhi Companies must have “Nidhi Limited” as part of their names.
  • ⦿ All Nidhi Companies need to file a Half Yearly return with the registrar in form NDH-3 along with the fee, within 30 days from the conclusion of the half-year.
  • ⦿ Every Nidhi company must submit a certificate issued by the auditor mentioning whether all the compliances have been met or not.
  • ⦿ All the Nidhi Companies must submit all the financial statements in Form AOC-4.
  • ⦿ Every Company must fill out Form NDH-2 to extend the request for 200 members.

Advantages of Incorporating A Nidhi Company

Low capital needed

Nidhi Companies require limited capital for formation. This ensures that the first step can be taken and the following steps will be achieved.

Easy to raise funds

As the Nidhi Companies can borrow money from its members, therefore, fundraising becomes quite easier.

Easy to lend money

Nidhi companies are also called Mutual Benefit Companies because they are readily available to lend money to the members. This feature makes these companies more approachable.

No Need Of Outside Management

Nidhi Companies are quite capable of managing themselves as they can select people to manage among their company only. Hence, there is no need for outside management in such companies.

Great service suppliers to normal individuals

Nidhi corporations offer loans to even those ordinary people whom the opposite money establishments don't cater to. These companies are accessible to lower and middle-income groups.

Limited liability

The Nidhi Companies perform as separate legal entities hence, the members aren’t at risk of paying off the companies’ debts and losses from their personal assets.

Enjoy many provisions and exemptions

Under the companies act 2013, the Nidhi Companies are exempted from various provisions and compliances and hence seem quite profitable.

Better than Credit Cooperative Societies

Credit cooperative societies come with many restrictions and compliances. As compared to them, Nidhi companies have to bear lesser compliances and are a better option.

Limitations of Nidhi Companies

  • ⦿ Nidhi Companies cannot perform the chit fund business or hire purchase finance, leasing finance, insurance, or acquisition of securities issued by any corporate body.
  • ⦿ Any Nidhi cannot issue preference shares, debentures, or any debt instrument by any name or in any form.
  • ⦿ A Nidhi Company cannot open any current account with its members.
  • ⦿ A Nidhi company cannot acquire any other company by purchasing securities
  • ⦿ Nidhi Companies cannot control the composition of the Board of Directors of any other company in any manner.
  • ⦿ Nidhi Companies cannot enter into any modification of management unless and until it has passed a special resolution in a general meeting and taken the approval of the Regional Director.
  • ⦿ A Nidhi company cannot admit a body corporate or trust as its member.
  • ⦿ A minor can never be a member of Nidhi.
  • ⦿ Nidhi cannot open branches or collection centers or offices or deposit centers outside the state where its registered office is situated.
  • ⦿ Any Nidhi company cannot close any branch unless it publishes an advertisement in a newspaper or gives an intimation to the registrar at least 30 days prior to such closure.
  • ⦿ Nidhis cannot accept deposits exceeding 20 times of its Net Owned Funds as per the last audited financial statements.
  • ⦿ A Nidhi company cannot declare a dividend exceeding 25 percent or such a higher amount.
  • ⦿ No Nidhi can appoint or reappoint an auditor for more than one term of 5 consecutive years.
  • ⦿ Nidhi company does not need any license from RBI to operate.
  • ⦿ Nidhis cannot pay commission or fees for mobilizing deposits.


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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is Nidhi company governed by the RBI?

No, Nidhi Companies come under the Non-banking financial institutions’ category and RBI does not have any hold over these.

2. What Is the objective of Nidhi companies?

Nidhi Companies are created to inculcate the habit of saving among their members.

3. What is the maximum limit on a savings bank account?

Any member of a Nidhi company cannot own more than 1 lakh in his savings bank account.

4. What Is the maximum rate of interest payable on any deposit/

The maximum interest payable on any deposit should not be more than 2 % above the rate of interest payable by any nationalized bank.

5. What is the maximum number of Directors in a Nidhi Company?

A minimum of 3 and a maximum of 15 directors are required in a Nidhi company.

6. How to name my Nidhi Company?

The Nidhi company must not have an identical name to an existing company. Also, the name can be selected by going to the MCA website and searching for name options. The Company name should end with “Nidhi Limited “.

7. How much time is required to register a Nidhi Company?

A Nidhi company needs to be registered as a Public Limited Company under the Companies act 2013. It takes 30-40 days to get a Nidhi Company registered.

8. How safe is it with Nidhi Companies?

Nidhi Companies have to abide by the laws made by the Central Government and hence the money is safe with Nidhi Companies.

9. What are the documents required for Nidhi Company Registration?

Any Identity proof such as PAN card/Aadhar card/ voter ID/ Ration Card and Address Proof such as AAdhar card/ utility bill/ electricity bill/ telephone bill and NOC from the renter if the office is rented or Rent agreement if the office is self-owned.

10. Can a salaried person be the director of a Nidhi Company?

Yes, any salaried individual can become Director in a Nidhi Company.

11. How to file annual returns of Nidhi Company?

The annual returns must be filed with the MCA inForm MGT-7.

12. When is the Income Tax Return filed?

Income Tax returns of Nidhi Company must be filed by 30th September of the current financial year.

13. Is it mandatory to be present at the office of the Registrar?

No, Nidhi Company registration is completely online, and with Filing Lounge, no personal visit is required.